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9/11 Weather Anomalies and Field Effects
(page 8)


Judy Wood

This page last updated, May 19, 2008

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This page is currently UNDER CONSTRUCTION.

(originally posted: March 25, 2008)
Hurricane Erin, September 11, 2001
Figure 1.
(9/11/01) Source:, (9/11/01) Original Image: (more) 010911_1867.jpeg

Beaming Power Top

Soaring Into the Air With a Boost From a Laser Beam
Published: November 6, 2003

SOMEWHERE, Nikola Tesla is smiling.

More than a century ago, Tesla - as famous for his discovery of alternating current as for his claim of inventing a giant death ray - dazzled onlookers by sending bolts of electricity crackling 30 feet through the air. To him this was proof that one day information and electricity would be sent across the skies instead of through copper cable.

Figure 1.
(11/6/03) Source: website:

Since then, Tesla's intellectual descendents have fantasized about, and dabbled in, the possibility of reliably transmitting power without wires. After decades of on-again, off-again experimentation, this Tesla-inspired dream is now showing signs of becoming real, at least in a modest way.

In September, in a hangar in Huntsville, Ala., NASA engineers flew a small propeller-driven model plane powered from the ground by a beam of laser light. The Army, meanwhile, is looking to finance research into laser-charged drone aircraft. And Boeing engineers have already built a tiny lunar rover that runs on laser-transmitted energy.

All of those projects rely on a roundabout way to transmit power through the air. First, a laser converts electricity into photons of light and beams it to the plane or other vehicle. Then photovoltaic (light-collecting) cells on the receiving end convert the photons back into electricity.

Although photovoltaic cells can capture sunlight on their own and turn it into electricity, they do not do so particularly efficiently, said David Bushman, a NASA scientist. They use only thin slices of sunlight's wide spectrum, so they waste 80 percent or more of the energy that they collect.

Laser light, however, shines in very specific frequencies, not broad bands, and when tuned right can give cells efficient energy doses.

In the recent NASA test, four years in the making, Mr. Bushman and his NASA colleague Robert Burdine used lasers in the infrared range. By shining a beam on the photovoltaic cells mounted on the 11-ounce plane, they were able to power the craft from 60 feet away.

That would have been extremely tough to do in the not-so-distant past. But after years of improvements, lasers are more powerful than ever, so the scientists were able to use a beam that provided a sufficient number of photons, even from 60 feet. In coming tests, Mr. Burdine and Mr. Bushman plan to stretch that gap to over a mile.

"The reason we didn't do this 20 years ago is because laser technology wasn't there," Mr. Bushman said.

In time, lasers might grow powerful enough to help keep solar-powered unmanned aerial vehicles aloft for months at a clip. Aerospace visionaries believe that these drones could one day serve as communications arrays - cell towers in the sky, more or less.

But right now, "there's no solar-powered plane out there that can store enough energy to get it through the night," said John Del Frate, a NASA solar aircraft project manager.

Lasers could fill in the gap, recharging the planes' batteries with beams of focused light.

"There'd be no need to pull them out of the sky or into the shop to refuel," said Keith Braun, an engineer with the Army's Advanced Energy Armaments Systems Center at Picatinny Arsenal in New Jersey. His group is looking to finance power-beaming experiments in the coming year.

Lasers are already being used to send and receive data, Mr. Braun noted. So the same beam that powers up the drone could also transfer instructions and data.

The same principle could work in space. Solar energy collectors sent to the moon could send power by laser to robotic rovers exploring lunar craters, for example.

That concept was roughly demonstrated last year on Mount Haleakala in Hawaii by Richard Fork, a professor of engineering at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, and Mark Henley, a Boeing engineer. They used a small 50-watt laser to provide power for an 18-inch rover 60 feet away, sending the beam through a series of relay mirrors.

For his next trial, Mr. Henley wants to put the rover on a nearby island, 40 miles from Mount Haleakala. That will be the farthest that power has ever been sent wirelessly, he said, adding that it could happen in a year "if the government funding and the political will are there."

That has long been a central issue for experiments in power beaming, ever since a Raytheon scientist, William Brown, first sent a crude helicopter aloft with microwaves in 1964. NASA and the Departments of Defense and Energy have all since intermittently committed money to wireless power transmission.

The outsize ambitions of power beaming advocates may be one reason that investment in such research has not been steady. From powering a lunar base to providing energy for an ion-engine spacecraft to creating a wireless power grid in the sky, no project has been too mammoth to contemplate.

In the late 1970's, and again in the late 90's, NASA took a look at building a series of satellites that would collect solar power and beam it down to earth. But while "the science is relatively easy" for such a project, said John Mankins, the chief technologist for NASA's space flight division, "the engineering is really, really hard, orders and orders bigger and more challenging than anything anyone's done before."

Mr. Burdine and Mr. Bushman's next power transmission trials, scheduled for this month, are at the opposite end of the scale. First, they will fly their model plane outdoors at the Army's Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, providing energy from more than a mile away. Then, in an echo of William Brown's pioneering efforts, they will power a 16-inch triangle-shaped helicopter-like craft with a one-kilowatt laser beam inside the vast, 360-foot-high Dynamic Test Stand at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville.

That should give the plane enough power to fly up and down the length of the structure. (This test must be conducted in a tightly proscribed space, Mr. Burdine said; the Air Force does not allow most lasers of significant power to be fired into the sky for fear that the beams might damage spy satellites.)

The test stand has been the scene of some of NASA's most spectacular trials. The massive hydraulics inside the steel structure violently shook the Saturn V rocket, the Skylab space station and the first space shuttle, for example, to make sure they could withstand the rigors of escaping the atmosphere.

Mr. Bushman and Mr. Burdine's test won't be nearly as dramatic. But they are hoping that their early flights will be the start of something just as big.

Reference 1.
(9/11/01) Source:,

Senate Hearing on "Lunar Exploration" Top

Testimony of Dr. David R. Criswell: Senate Hearing on "Lunar Exploration"

Date Released: Thursday, November 6, 2003
Source: Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation - Comments 
Testimony of Dr. David R. Criswell at Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space Hearings: "Lunar Exploration"

Thursday, November 6, 2003, 2:30 PM – SR-253

Dr. David R. Criswell, Director, Institute for Space Systems Operations, University of Houston and University of Houston-Clear Lake

Mr. Chairman and Members of the Subcommittee:

I am honored to have this opportunity to introduce a program for the economic and environmental security for Earth, and especially for the United States of America, by meeting Earth's real electrical power needs.

By 2050, approximately 10 billion people will live on Earth demanding ~5 times the power now available. By then, solar power from the Moon could provide everyone clean, affordable, and sustainable electric power. No terrestrial options can provide the needed minimum of 2 kWe/person or at least 20 terawatts globally.

Solar power bases will be built on the Moon that collect a small fraction of the Moon's dependable solar power and convert it into power beams that will dependably deliver lunar solar power to receivers on Earth. On Earth each power beam will be transformed into electricity and distributed, on-demand, through local electric power grids. Each terrestrial receiver can accept power directly from the Moon or indirectly, via relay satellites, when the receiver cannot view the Moon. The intensity of each power beam is restricted to 20%, or less, of the intensity of noontime sunlight. Each power beam can be safely received, for example, in an industrially zoned area.

The Lunar Solar Power (LSP) System does not require basic new technological developments. Adequate knowledge of the Moon and the essential technologies have been available since the late 1970s to design, build, and operate the LSP System. Automated machines and people would be sent to the Moon to build the lunar power bases. The machines would build the power components from the common lunar dust and rocks, thereby avoiding the high cost of transporting materials from the Earth to the Moon. The LSP System is distributed and open. Thus, it can readily accommodate new manufacturing and operating technologies as they become available.

Engineers, scientists, astronauts, and managers skilled in mining, manufacturing, electronics, aerospace, and industrial production of commodities will create new wealth on the Moon. Thousands of tele-robotic workers in American facilities, primarily on Earth, will oversee the lunar machinery and maintain the LSP System.

Our national space program, in cooperation with advanced U.S. industries, can produce the LSP System for a small fraction of the cost of building equivalent power generating capabilities on Earth. Shuttle- and Space Station-derived systems and LSP production machinery can be in operation in space and on the Moon within a few years. A demonstration LSP System can grow quickly to 50% of averaged U.S. electric consumption, ~0.2 TWe, within 15 years and be profitable thereafter. When LSP provides 20 terawatts of electric power to Earth it can sell the electricity at one-fifth of today's cost or ~1 ¢/kWe-h. At current electric prices LSP would generate ~9 trillion dollars per year of net income.

Like hydroelectric dams, every power receiver on Earth can be an engine of clean economic growth. Gross World Product can increase a factor of 10. The average annual per capita income of Developing Nations can increase from today's $2,500 to ~$20,000. Economically driven emigrations, such as from Mexico and Central America to the United States, will gradually decrease.

Increasingly wealthy Developing Nations will generate new and rapidly growing markets for American goods and services. Lunar power can generate hydrogen to fuel cars at low cost and with no release of greenhouse gases. United States payments to other nations for oil, natural gas, petrochemicals, and commodities such as fertilizer will decrease. LSP industries will establish new, high-value American jobs. LSP will generate major investment opportunities for Americans. The average American income could increase from today's ~$35,000/y-person to more than $150,000/y-person.

By 2050, the LSP System would allow all human societies to prosper while nurturing rather than consuming the biosphere.

Respectfully submitted,

Dr. David R. Criswell, Director, Institute for Space Systems Operations, University of Houston and University of Houston-Clear Lake, Houston, TX The Lunar Solar Power System and its general benefits are described in the attached fourpage document.

Additional papers are available on these websites and via search engines (search on "David R. Criswell" or "Lunar Solar Power"):

The Industrial Physicist

The World Energy Congress (17th and 18th)

Related Testimony Links

  • Testimony of Dr. Roger Angel: Senate Hearing on "Lunar Exploration"

    Testimony of Hon. Harrison H. Schmitt: Senate Hearing on "Lunar Exploration"

    Testimony of Dr. Paul D. Spudis: Senate Hearing on "Lunar Exploration"
  • Reference 2.
    (11/6/03) Source:,

    Lasers Power Planes, Drones Top

    Somewhere, Nikola Tesla is smiling.

    More than a century ago, Tesla - as famous for his discovery of alternating current as for his claim of inventing a giant death ray - dazzled onlookers by sending bolts of electricity crackling 30 feet through the air. To him this was proof that one day information and electricity would be sent across the skies instead of through copper cable.

    Since then, Tesla's intellectual descendents have fantasized about, and dabbled in, the possibility of reliably transmitting power without wires. After decades of on-again, off-again experimentation, this Tesla-inspired dream is now showing signs of becoming real, at least in a modest way.

    In September, in a hangar in Huntsville, Ala., NASA engineers flew a small propeller-driven model plane powered from the ground by a beam of laser light. The Army, meanwhile, is looking to finance research into laser-charged drone aircraft. And Boeing engineers have already built a tiny lunar rover that runs on laser-transmitted energy.

    My New York Times story has the details.

    THERE'S MORE: The "power-beaming" crowd has always been a group of, shall we say, ambitious thinkers. Case in point: The Advanced Concepts Team of the European Space Agency proposed a network of 1,870 microwave power-beaming satellites, each 15 kilometers long – 136 times the size of the completed International Space Station. This constellation would send energy to 103 receiving bases scattered across the globe, each 27 by 30 kilometers big.

    AND MORE: As if on cue, Dr. David Criswell -- the director of the Institute for Space Systems Operations at the University of Houston -- talked up power-beaming to Congress on Thursday.

    "Solar power bases will be built on the Moon that collect a small fraction of the Moon's dependable solar power and convert it into power beams that will dependably deliver lunar solar power to receivers on Earth," he said.

    November 6, 2003 03:30 AM | Lasers and Ray Guns | 

    Edited by Christian Lowe | Contact
    Reference 3.
    (11/6/03) Source:,

    Magnetic Reconnection Top

    Figure 5. Magnetic reconnection
    Illustration Staff Writers.
    Figure 6. Magnetic reconnection
    Figure 7. See Anomalies at the WTC and the Hutchison Effect

    Lockheed Martin Scientists Determine Magnetic Reconnection Locations At Earth's Magnetopause

    Lockheed Martin Scientists Determine Magnetic Reconnection Locations At Earth's Magnetopause
    by Staff Writers
    Palo Alto CA (SPX) Feb 20, 2007

    Figure 8. Magnetic reconnection
    Illustration Staff Writers.
    In a paper published in the February 2007 issue of Geophysical Research Letters, scientists from the Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center (ATC) are using data from a unique, state-of-the-art scientific instrument - designed and built at the Palo Alto facility - to determine how and where the energy from the solar wind is transferred into the Earth's magnetosphere.

    This transfer of energy causes auroras and also affects radio communications, satellite operations and electric power systems on Earth.

    The process is called magnetic reconnection and occurs when magnetic fields from different domains - in this case, from the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) carried by the solar wind, and the Earth's magnetic field - are spliced together, allowing the transfer of energy from one domain to the other. The magnetopause defines the boundary between the Earth's field and the solar wind.

    It has a bullet-shaped front, gradually changing into a cylinder as it envelopes the planet and trails off behind where it is called the magnetotail. Reconnection breaks through the protection afforded by this natural magnetic sheath, allowing charged particles and energy from the Sun to enter the space around Earth.

    "We have found in our study of 130 reconnection events that, in general, magnetic reconnection occurs along an extended line across the dayside magnetopause," said Dr. Karlheinz Trattner, Lockheed Martin space plasma physicist at the ATC. "Previously, there was considerable debate concerning the nature of this reconnection line. Some scientists believed that this reconnection line was not continuous across the dayside magnetopause, while others thought it was. The results from this study have resolved this long-standing debate."

    The data leading to this discovery came from the "Toroidal Imaging Mass Angle Spectrograph" (TIMAS), an ATC instrument launched on the NASA Polar spacecraft in 1996. By measuring the angle, mass and energy of the ions in space plasmas, in all directions simultaneously, TIMAS has helped Trattner's team understand how the ions behave in the magnetic field that fills space around Earth. From those deductions the scientists are able to track the ions back in space and time to determine where they originated and how they were transported.

    An ion is a special kind of atom -- one that has lost one or more of the electrons that orbit the atom's nucleus. The loss of an electron gives an ion an electrical charge and -- unlike a neutral particle that has all its electrons and therefore no electric charge -- causes it to react to magnetic and electric fields. Clouds of ions and electrons are called plasmas. While an atom of any substance can be ionized, those that are most commonly found in Earth's magnetosphere range from hydrogen (the lightest) to oxygen (the heaviest).

    To understand where plasmas come from, scientists must be able to measure the relative abundances of the ions they contain and then compare them with the known abundances in potential source regions. TIMAS provides that capability.

    While earlier instruments were able to measure species of ions one or two at a time, TIMAS simultaneously senses all important ion species in the magnetosphere from hydrogen to oxygen. TIMAS looks in all directions at once to detect the species, measure their mass, the angle at which they arrive at the instrument, and their energy.

    Related Links
    Lockheed Martin
    Solar Science News at SpaceDaily


    Themis Satellites Put Berkeley Physicist In Pole Position To Study Aurora Like Never Before

    Cape Canaveral CA (SPX) Feb 20, 2007

    Figure 9. Aurora
    Source: website:

    After a picture-perfect launch into clear, blue skies at 6:01 p.m. EST Saturday, Feb. 17, the five THEMIS probes are healthy and in their expected orbits, according to University of California, Berkeley, physicist and mission principal investigator Vassilis Angelopoulos. "Based on telemetry received by UC Berkeley's ground station, they look really good," he said.

    Reference 1.
    (2/20/07) Source: website:

    The Hutchison Effect - on Coast to Coast Top

    The Hutchison Effect - on Coast to Coast

    The "jellification" of metal and the levitation of objects were brought about by the "Hutchison Effect," explained Canadian-based inventor John Hutchison (website), Art Bell's guest on Friday's night. Using such items as Tesla coils and RF generators to create the effect, Hutchison said a 1500 lb. transformer was lifted one inch.

    Click here to view the "Hutchison Effect" evidenced in this composite photo of metal pieces. These deformations occurred at room temperature as a result of a complex combination of electromagnetic fields. Here is a guide to the images:

    * Left above: Steel.
    * Left below: Aluminum with coin marks and one coin inserted in the partially opened crack.
    * Middle: Completely cracked aluminum bar.
    * Right above and below: Aluminum block partially cut open to show a piece of wood (brown material) which cold melted into the aluminum.

    Hutchison also talked about the Zero Point Energy Cells he created back in 1994. Composed of such materials as barium titanate and micro Casimir plates, he said the cell, about the size of a "D" battery, could collect Zero Point energy "that is all around the universe," and put out about one volt of power. Also in the works, is a Zero Point toy that could act like the tricorder from Star Trek, with an LCD readout that reflects fluctuations in energy and the movement of objects.
    Reference 5:

    Barium Top
    The Dirt Cheap Rocks of John Hutchison
    by Lance Cleveland

    [emphasis added]
        If you ask the other residents of a certain apartment building in Vancouver, they may admit to being curious about John Hutchison. They see a tall, muscular man who carts old consoles of electronic equipment onto the elevator nearly every week. Their curiosity increased the day a Japanese television crew showed up and disappeared inside his apartment for a few hours. And in the summer of 1995, Hutchison further puzzled onlookers by sitting on the curb and picking out stones, Why would a rockhound sort through ordinary street rocks?

        What the neighbors do not know is that John Hutchison is well-known in new-energy circles, and is even known to some who move in the circles of established science. His visitors have included distinguished physicists. But unlike Shoulders and Lambertson, he is a self-taught scientist. As a boy in Vancouver, he read about Nikola Tesla and then startled neighbors with Tesla coil experiments in his backyard.

        While in his twenties, he developed a medical problem that resulted in his living on a small disability pension. For years, he lived a generally reclusive life, digging for rare electrical equipment in military surplus stores and junkyards, and carrying his finds home on the city bus. Apart from time spent as a volunteer at a local ecology center, he spent hours in his bedroom-turned-laboratory, patiently rebuilding equipment. He considered opening a museum.

    Antigravity and the Hutchison Effect

        Hutchison's life changed drastically in 1979 when, upon starting up an array of high-voltage equipment, he felt something hit his shoulder. He threw the piece of metal back to where it seemed to have originated, and it flew up and hit him again. This was how he originally discovered the Hutchison effect. When his Tesla coils, electrostatic generator, and other equipment created a complex electromagnetic field, heavy pieces of metal levitated and shot toward the ceiling, and some pieces shredded.

        What is the Hutchison effect? As with much of the new-energy field, no one can say for sure. Some theorists think the effect is the result of opposing electromagnetic fields cancelling each other out, creating a powerful flow of space energy.

        A Vancouver businessman heard about the Hutchison effect, contacted Hutchison, and brought in a consulting engineer to form a company that would promote technology developed from the effect. Despite demonstrations to potential customers from both Canada and the United States, things did not work out, and Hutchison and the company parted ways in 1986.

        After a couple of other abortive business tries, including a sojourn in Germany, Hutchison returned to Vancouver in late 1990 and again lived a relatively reclusive life. Piece by piece, he sold what remained of his laboratory equipment in order to pay his bills. It would be several years before he could reestablish his collection.

        Hutchison wanted to connect with other researchers, but the local media had given his work the weird-science treatment, and didn't take him seriously. However, material on the Hutchison effect was included in a Japanese book on Hutchison's life and work that sold well in Japan. Living in a country with almost no natural resources has led the Japanese to take new-energy ideas very seriously, as we will see in Chapter 8.

        As a result, Hutchison was asked to speak in Japan, where thousands of people paid to attend his two lecture tours. These tours were organized by Hiroshi Yamabe, a well-known Tesla lecturer who made his fortune in such advanced engineering fields as robotics and artificial intelligence. Yamabe offered to set up a laboratory for Hutchison, but the Canadian was ambivalent about the prospect of moving to Japan.

    Beyond the Hutchison Effect: The Dirt Cheap Energy Converter

        Hutchison was undecided about what to do. He had moved beyond the Hutchison effect and into the field of space energy, and had acquired a Canadian business manager. The winter before his 1995 Japanese tour, Hutchison built a working space energy device about the size of a microwave oven. The Hutchison Converter was based on Tesla's resonance principle. Tesla demonstrated this principle by steadily pulsing bursts of energy into his electric coils, each burst coming before energy from the previous burst had time to die away. This led to higher and higher amounts of energy, like a child going higher and higher on a swing.

        Hutchison captured the same pulsing, rhythmic energy by using crystals of barium titanate, a material that can capture the pulses of certain electromagnetic frequencies in the way that a radio can pick up certain radio frequencies. When the crystal pulses, or resonates, it produces electric power.

        I saw a demonstration in which the converter put out six watts, enough to power a motor that kept a small propeller spinning furiously. The whirring of a tiny propeller looked rather silly, until one realized that the apparatus contained no batteries, no fuel, and no connection to a power outlet It worked continuously for months.

        One day while experimenting, however, Hutchison cracked a crucial part and decided to take the unit apart.

        He built a smaller, more portable model to take on his speaking tour. Resembling an Oscar statue in size and shape, the portable converter put out slightly more than a watt of power. It lit a tiny lamp as a demonstration and also ran a small motor.

        At the end of the tour, in front of an audience of about 500 Hiroshima residents, Hutchison slapped the device onto a table lit by the bright lights of a television crew. He quickly unscrewed all the parts and revealed its inner details, while the camera zoomed in for a closeup and a pair of chopsticks provided a scale to show the size of the device. It was clear that the converter contained no batteries. Afterward, men crowded around Hutchison, offering him their business cards and asking him to sell them a supply of barium titanate.

        Back home, Hutchison's business advisor fretted that the inventor had given away his secrets. But Hutchison shrugged his shoulders; he had gone beyond the prototype technology he had taken to Japan. He now had a new secret - the stovetop process he called Dirt Cheap because the ingredients included common rocks.

        The new process grew out of his use of barium titanate. He wondered, "Why can't I make a material that works even better?" Hutchison knew that other researchers had put electrodes on certain rocks to show that the rocks generated a tiny electric current, somehow soaked up from the cosmos.

        So Hutchison sorted through small stones on the street in front of his apartment and threw them into a test tube-sized metal container. Next, he added a mixture of low-cost, common chemicals, he won't reveal which ones and put this rock soup on the stove to simmer. This allowed water to evaporate and tiny pockets of air to rise from the stones so that the chemicals could enter them. Before the mixture cooled into a solid, he added specially treated posts to draw electricity from the crystal-like substance th at had formed. Again, no one is entirely sure as to how the Dirt Cheap method works, although one physicist told Hutchison that the Casimir effect, used by Ken Shoulders to create charge clusters, may be at work (see page 61).

        When he first discovered his Dirt Cheap process, Hutchison didn't bother to patent it. He had heard from other inventors how their laboratories had been vandalized and their property had been stolen once the Patent Office had been notified, and he was not eager to be the first inventor to take a bold step by manufacturing a large home- or factory-sized unit that could restructure industries. Besides, in the 1980s --- when he was still working with the Hutchison effect --- he had received a few threatening comments from strangers.

        How could Hutchison enjoy his peaceful life and still get a space energy product to the public in a low-key manner? He says he has hit upon an unusual strategy: building miniature flying saucers powered by Dirt Cheap-supplied electricity, and selling them as space-energy children's toys. Hutchison hopes an environmentally safe toy that lights up without batteries will intrigue the public into buying Dirt Cheap devices that could power large appliances. And perhaps, the Dirt Cheap process could help lead to a world of nonpolluting new energy.

    Research from scientist Clifford Carnicom states that the amount of Barium in our atmosphere now exceeds by 8 times the level that is deemed safe for humans to breathe.
    The toxicity of Barium is comparable to that of Arsenic.   EPA guidelines state that it is unsafe for humans to breath air containing more than 5 ppm (parts per million) of Barium (the same amount that is deemed safe for Arsenic).   The latest research shows that we are being exposed to levels of airborn Barium that are far, far greater ("by a factor of 8") than the level considered safe.

    Clifford E Carnicom
    Santa Fe, New Mexico
    May 24 2004

    [emphasis added]

    A preliminary analytical estimate of the concentration of barium compounds within atmospheric samples that are under analysis has been reached. This estimate exceeds the limit of human exposure to airborne contaminants. The question of the enforcement of air quality standards arises as a result of this study, and further public involvement with environmental organizations and agencies is advised to address this potential problem.

    Atmospheric sample tests continue to confirm the presence of barium compounds within the atmosphere. The tests involve a variety of collection methods, including the use of plate ionization filters, electrostatic air filters, HEPA filters, and high grade furnace filters. Methods of analysis include solubility, pH, precipitation, chromatography, electrode, electrolysis, flame, spectroscopy and spectroscopy comparison tests. Public environmental agencies are advised to begin the process of replicating the test methods to confirm or refute the results that have been established.

    Soluble forms of barium are highly toxic, and are on par with the toxicity levels of arsenic.

    The compound reported under this analysis has been collected with a plate ionizing filter. The method of titration leads to a initial concentration estimate of approximately 4 parts per million (ppm). This is an estimate based upon the examination of one sample (collected over an interval of several weeks) only; testing by public service agencies with quantitative equipment with independent verification and monitoring is required. This report is provided as an estimate and an advisory. The initiation of quantitative tests by public service agencies, with independent monitoring and verification, is required.

    The maximum allowable limit for human exposure to barium atmospheric contaminants is 0.5 ppm1; the current test result indicates that this limit may be exceeded by a factor of approximately eight times.

    The maximum allowable limit for human exposure to arsenic is also stated to be 0.5 ppm.2

    Additional Notes:

    This page is subject to revision.


    1. Dr. M. Fogiel, Staff of Research and Education Association, Handbook of Mathematical, Scientific, and Engineering Formulas, Tables, Functions, Graphs, Transforms, (Research and Education Association), 964.

    2. Fogiel, 964.
    Reference 4.
    (9/11/01) Source:,

    T. Townsend Brown Top

    This page was last updated on $Date: 1998/07/26 00:04:02 $
    Click here to go to my Patents web-site.
    If you have the rest of this patent and are willing to send it to me, please send me email at:
    [emphasis added]


    T. Townsend Brown


    Figure 1.

    Careful observations, conducted over a period of years, have revealed the existence of a "steady state" electrical self-potential spontaneously developed by certain semi-conductors. Exploratory work with various semi-conducting material has revealed massive high-K dielectrics, being heavy semi-conducting materials with high dielectric constant, produce the greatest self-potential. Solid dieliectrics such as barium titanate, lead zirconate titanate and certain natural rocks (granite, basalt, etc.) are found to produce this electrical self-potential. The origin of the self-potential referred to in this application is believed to be not hitherto known or identified. It is not piezoelectric, pyroelectric or electrochemialc in origin.

    Figure 2.

    Whereas, it appears to be a fact of nature that rocks and similar dielectric and semi-conducting materials spontaneously produce electricity, it is the purpose of this invention to apply the means to extract that electricity so that it may be utilized. This application specificially excludes piezoelectric (pressure related) and pyroelectric (heat related) effects commonly observed in materials of this type and well known in the art. This application relates exlusively to the phenomenon of "petroelectricity" (a new terminology) which is relatively "steady state" and not dependent upon temperature, pressure or chemical action. The origin of petroelectric energy is not presently known. It is obvious that this energy does not reside in the material itself but must, it appears, have an external, perhaps even extraterrestrial origin. Incident radiation from space (neutrino flux or optical-frequency gravitational radiation has been proposed) but, at present, no adequate explanation exists.

    Figure 3.

    The earmarks of the incoming radiant energy which appear to cause the petrovoltaic effect are the clearly-evident diurnal cycles and occasional strong pulses of short duration. A research program is presently underway to study the possibility that a new energy source (perhaps cosmic in nature) may have been discovered.

    Figure 4.

    This invention relates to the method of tapping the self-potential generated by such dielectric or semi-conducting material. It relates to the placing upon, or attaching thereto, of electrodes upon such material so as to conduct away and utilize the electrical potential developed therein. It relates to the preparation of the dieleectric surface so as to effectively receive said electrodes. The invention further relates to the use of conductors or circuitry to convey said electrical energy from said electrodes to the ultimate (end-use) of said electrical energy.

    I claim:

    1. Method for making available for utilization the electrical self-potential exhibited by massive high-K dielectrics, other than that from piezoelectric, pyroelectric or electrochemical action, consisting in attaching electrodes to said dielectrics, attaching conductors to said electrodes and conveying the electrical potential to a useful load.
    2. Method for removing and utilizing the electrical potential from petrologic materials, other than that from piezoelectric or pyroelectric or galvanic sources, consisting in attaching electrodes to said materials, connecting conductors to said electrodes and conveying said electrical potential to a utilizing load.
    3. Method for removing for purposes of utilization electrical energy from rock-like materials, other than that from kinetic, thermal or electrochemical sources, consisting in attaching conductors to said electrodes and conveying said electrical energy to a utilizing load.
    4. Method of extracting electrical energy from massive high-K dielectrics, other than that produced by mechanical strains, heat or electrochemical conversion, consisting in attaching electrodes to said dielectrics, providing conductors from said electrodes thereby to convey the extracted electrical energy for utilizationin a load.
    5. Method of utilizing petroelectric energy, other than that derived from piezoelectric, pyroelectric or galvanic sources, consisting in attaching two or more electrodes to a rock, applying conductors to said electrodes and removing the petroelectric energy to a useful load.
    6. Method according to Claim 1, consisting of two or more dielectrics wired in series to provide higher voltage.
    7. Method according to Claim 1, consisting of two or more dielectrics wired in parallel to provide higher current.
    8. Method according to Claim 1, consisting of dielectrics formed from barium titanate, lead zirconate titanate, lead monoxide-glycerine compound or other high-density high-K material.

    T. Townsend Brown
    Reference 3:

    Reference 5.
    (9/11/01) Source:,

    click on images for enlargements.

    Pentagon Top
    (unfinished section that will likely be moved)

    September 14, 2001
    Figure 47. 0
    (9/14/01) Source: webpage: 010914-F-8006R-002.jpg, 010914-F-8006R-002_sss.jpg
    DoD photo by Tech. Sgt. Cedric H. Rudisill. (Released)
    Figure 48. 0
    (9/14/01) Source: webpage: 010914-F-8006R-002.jpg, 010914-F-8006R-002_c_s.jpg
    DoD photo by Tech. Sgt. Cedric H. Rudisill. (Released)
    Figure 49. 0
    (9/14/01) Source: webpage: 010914-F-8006R-002_cc.jpg,
    DoD photo by Tech. Sgt. Cedric H. Rudisill. (Released)

    Figure 50. 0
    (9/14/01) Source: webpage: 010914-F-8006R-002_ccc.jpg, 010914-F-8006R-002_ccc_s.jpg
    DoD photo by Tech. Sgt. Cedric H. Rudisill. (Released)

    Energy Top

    Seismic Energy
    TNT for Seismic
    Energy Yield (tons)
    Example (approximate)
    Breaking a rock on a lab table
    Large Blast at a Construction Site

    Large Quarry or Mine Blast



    Small Nuclear Weapon
    Average Tornado (total energy)

    Little Skull Mtn., NV Quake, 1992
    Double Spring Flat, NV Quake, 1994
    Northridge, CA Quake, 1994
    Hyogo-Ken Nanbu, Japan Quake, 1995; Largest Thermonuclear Weapon
    Landers, CA Quake, 1992
    San Francisco, CA Quake, 1906
    Anchorage, AK Quake, 1964
    Chilean Quake, 1960
    San-Andreas type fault circling Earth
    Fault Earth in half through center,
    OR Earth's daily receipt of solar energy

    source: [last accessed 5/16/2008]
    another source: [last accessed 11/08/2011]
    and another source: [last accessed 11/08/2011]

    A Richter-Scale Magnitude of 12 is equivalent to 160 trillion tons of TNT, which is enough energy to fault the earth in half through the center. This amount of energy is also the amount of solar energy received by the earth, daily.

    How should we use this energy?

    See where all the energy goes on Planet Earth, below.

    Planet Earth Top

    Planet Earth

    When you experience Planet Earth, you will emit positive forces of energy across Planet Earth that will reach every single living thing on it. You will lift yourself, and as you lift yourself, you lift the entire world.

    The magnificent music was composed and graciously gifted for this clip by composer Jo Blankenburg.

    From The Secret to you, here is Planet Earth - our home.

    Video 6.
    Source: webpage: URL:

    Download the film and play at full screen for maximum effect. download (mov)(wmv) [archived: (mov)(wmv)]

    And a special thanks to Susan for sending this to me.
    The Secret:

    497 x 595
    426 x 510

    Magic of the heart Top

    Magic of the heart

    Speak from your heart and you will speak the truth.
    Feel with your heart and you will know which way to go. 

    Look from your heart and you will see the truth.
    Listen with your heart and you will understand.

    Live from your heart and you will live in peace.
    Love from your heart and you will love forever.

    Figure 51.
    Source: :

    Reference Sites Top

    Reference Sites
    Erin 2001 wind analyses, (archived)

    Background on the HRD Surface Wind Analysis System, (archived)

    Hurricane Erin 2001, (archived)

    NASA Makes A Heated 3-D Look Into Hurricane Erin's Eye, (archived)

    Images and Data from Terra


    , (archived)

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